The savannah and the rainforest are among the world’s 36 biological hotspots – regions that are rich with unique flora and which play a crucial role in the world’s ecological balance, fighting climate change and desertification and sustaining biodiversity.
Portugal’s cork oak forests are also among the hotspots. Over 200 animal species and 135 plant types, some endangered, find their preferred habitat in our forests – natural ecosystems which are unique in the world.
Our forests also serve the people who live and work in them by supporting forestry, forest grazing, the harvesting of medicinal plants and mushrooms, honey and beeswax production, coal production, cattle breeding, birdwatching, tourism and horse riding.
In the seven Mediterranean cork-producing countries, over one hundred thousand people directly or indirectly depend on the economy provided by cork oak forests.
And, of course, everyone in the world depends on the vital product our cork oaks create when they take in CO2, store its carbon component (C) and release oxygen (O2) for us to breathe.
This is why our cork floors are unique among hard floors. Every gram of cork used in their manufacture has prevented CO2 from entering our atmosphere.